# Define Indicated Thermal Efficiency Astonishing

**Brake thermal efficiency η bth brake thermal efficiency can be defined as the ratio of brake power bp to input fuel energy in appropriate units.**

**Define indicated thermal efficiency**. Since it is dimensionless number we must always express w q. For a heat engine thermal efficiency is the fraction of the energy added by heat primary energy that is converted to net work output secondary energy. The term efficiency is a dimensionless measure sometimes quoted in percent and strictly heat rate is dimensionless as well but often written as energy per energy in relevant units.

The indicated thermal efficiency gives an idea of the power generated by the engine consider zero heat loss within the cylinder with respect to heat supplied theoretically calculated chemical energy of fuel in the form of fuel. Is the useful work and is the total heat energy input from the hot source. Thermal efficiency indicates the heat exchangers effectiveness to transfer heat from the combustion process to the water or steam in the boiler exclusive radiation and convection losses fuel to fluid efficiency indicates the overall efficiency of the boiler inclusive thermal efficiency of the heat exchanger radiation and convection losses output divided by input.

V mf is fuel oil supplied kg sec c. The inter relationships between efficiency heat rejection and thermal. The thermal efficiency ηth represents the fraction of heat qh that is converted to work.

Indicated thermal efficiency is the ratio of indicated power ip and energy in fuel per second. η ith ip kj s energy in fuel per second kj s indicated power is defined as the sum of friction power and brake power. It is a dimensionless performance measure of a heat engine that uses thermal energy such as a steam turbine an internal combustion engine or a refrigerator.

The thermal efficiency η th represents the fraction of heat q h that is converted to work. In si units it is joule per joule but often also expressed as joule kilowatt hour or british thermal units kwh. For a refrigeration or heat pumps thermal efficiency indicates the extent to which the energy added by work is converted to net heat output.

Indicated thermal efficiency indicated power mf c. Is calorific value of fuel in kj sec indicated power is power developed inside cylinder. The thermal efficiency is represented by the symbol and can be calculated using the equation.